首页 >  2019, Vol. 23, Issue (3) : 501-513

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DOI:

10.11834/jrs.20198292

收稿日期:

2018-07-27

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Sentinel-1和SBAS-InSAR分析钻井水溶岩盐矿山时序沉降
1.公路养护技术国家工程实验室 长沙理工大学, 长沙 410014;2.长沙理工大学 交通运输工程学院, 长沙 410014;3.长沙理工大学 电气工程学院, 长沙 410014
摘要:

利用小基线集(SBAS)InSAR技术对钻井水溶岩盐矿山地表沉降开展时空分析。实验选取湖南常德某典型钻井水溶岩盐矿区为测试区,时间跨度为2016年2月—2017年2月的21景Sentinel-1影像数据,获取了测区的时序沉降序列。实验结果显示,矿区地表大量级沉降在2016年9月才开始呈现,沉降漏斗横向出现多峰值,矿区沉降整体空间分布上出现西南部整体片状、中部偏北离散带状沉降。这些沉降特征均与钻井水溶法开采特征保持一致。将实地水准测量形变数据和DInSAR形变结果与本文结果进行对比以评估结果可靠性。结果表明,SBAS技术获取结果与水准结果表现出较高一致性,从而为钻井水溶岩盐矿山地表沉降提供了一种更为有效的监测手段,也可为此类矿山地表形变时空演化规律分析提供参考。

Time series subsidence analysis of drilling solution miningrock salt mines based on Sentinel-1 data and SBAS-InSAR technique
Abstract:

Mining-induced dynamic deformations over drilling water-soluble rock salt mines may result in sever progressive damages to surface buildings and infrastructures. Long-term dynamic monitoring and real-time analysis of rock salt mines are extremely important in preventing potential geological damages.
In this study, the small-baseline subset (SBAS) InSAR technique is initially used to monitor the settlement of drilling water-soluble rock salt mines. A time series analysis is carried out to obtain the time-space characteristics of land subsidence caused by drilling water-soluble mining activities. Then, the temporal and spatial evolution of the settlement funnel is revealed. Subsequently, the monitoring results are compared with both DInSAR and leveling deformation results for the reliability assessment. A temporal and spatial analysis is conducted for the surface subsidence.
A typical drilling water-soluble rock salt mine in Changde, Hunan Province, China was selected as the test area. Twenty-one scenes from the Sentinel-1 image data covering the period from February 2016 to February 2017 were used to obtain the time series settlement sequence of the survey area. Experimental results indicate that the large-scale surface settlement over the mining area began to appear in September 2016 and with the characteristics of sedimentation funnel-multiplied peaks in the horizontal direction. The overall spatial distribution of the subsidence in the mining area appears as an overall sheet-like shape in the southwest part and a discrete belt-like distribution in the north-central part. These subsiding characteristics are consistent with mining activities that use drilling water-soluble technology. To evaluate the reliability of the results, the field-leveling deformation data are compared with the DInSAR deformation data. The results obtained by the SBAS technology are highly consistent with the leveling results.
This study confirms the feasibility of applying SBAS-InSAR technology to the settlement monitoring of drilling water-soluble salt rock mines. The findings can provide a reference for the preliminary determination of mining cavity locations, aid in the developmental analysis of the characteristics of subsidence bowls, and help improve the recovery rate of water-soluble mining mines.

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