首页 >  2016, Vol. 20, Issue (6) : 1470-1478

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引用本文:

DOI:

10.11834/jrs.20166369

收稿日期:

2016-09-22

修改日期:

2016-09-29

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地球资源环境动态监测技术的现状与未来
中国科学院遥感与数字地球研究所 数字地球重点实验室, 北京 100094
摘要:

针对国家全球化战略和迫切需要解决的全球环境和资源问题,本文阐述了国内外地球资源环境动态监测技术主要研究进展,发现存在地球资源环境监测高精度产品缺乏、动态监测能力不完备、遥感信息服务及时性和便携不足等主要问题。在此基础上,提出中国迫切需要发展面向全球和重点区域的持续、动态观测能力,建立全球视野的资源环境动态监测产品和应用系统,突破全球资源环境研究的理论和关键技术,建立全球资源环境遥感监测指标和技术体系,形成全球立体协同观测、资源汇聚优化、信息智能处理、云平台业务应用的自主技术体系,完善支撑任务驱动的数据汇聚、模型调度、产品生成等在线遥感信息服务能力,发布全球、洲际和全国高质量空间要素遥感信息产品、专题应用系统、技术报告等成果。最终为全球资源环境研究提供知识发现的数据和服务,支撑中国在全球资源环境监测评估、重大灾害事件监测预警、应对国家安全与全球变化等领域的服务。

The current and future situation of dynamic monitoring technology for the earth resource and environment
Abstract:

In the period of "Twentieth five-year" Currently, although the earth observation technology has rapidly developed rapidly in our country; however, it still has the major issues, such as the lack insufficiency of products with high accuracy in the fields of earth resource and environment monitoring, incomplete ability incompetence in the dynamic monitoring, and deficiency in the timeliness of service and portability. This paper comprehensively reviews the status of related technologies comprehensively, and points out identifies the development direction of the development of dynamic monitoring technology of earth resource and environmental dynamic monitoring technology in the future.
Comparisons and analysis were done conducted on the main research progress of the dynamic monitoring technology of earth resource and environmental dynamic monitoring technology at home locally and abroad internationally. Then Thereafter, the major research contents were proposed in the future to meet the urgent needs in developing the ability and technology system of the continuous dynamic observation in the globe world and in the key regions for of our country.
Four major aspects should be paid attention considered in the future for the dynamic monitoring technology of earth resource and environmental dynamic monitoring technology:(1) Mmulti-source remote sensing stereo observation of remote sensing and universal data processing technology; (2) the remote sensing dynamic monitoring and simulation technology of remote sensing for the factors of earth resource and environment; (3) formulating formulation of the system and platform of the dynamic monitoring technology of earth resource and environment dynamic monitoring technology; (4) the integrated demonstration application of demonstration on dynamic monitoring of earth resource and environment dynamic monitoring.
It is urgent to promote the ability of the continuous dynamic observation over the whole entire world and the key regions, to is urgent to accomplish the following:(1) establish the global product and application system on the resource and environment dynamic monitoring; to break through the (2) develop theories and key technologies related with the to global resource and environment research; (3) establish the system of remote sensing monitoring factors and technologies of remote sensing monitoring on the global resource and environment; (4) form an independent technological system, including the stereoscopic global cooperation observations; the optimization of (5) optimize resource aggregation, intelligent information processing, and cloud platform business applications; (6) improve the ability of online remote sensing information service of remote sensing, such as the task task-driven data gathering, the model scheduling, and the product generating generation; and to (7) deliver achievements, such as national and global, intercontinental and country's remote sensing information products with high quality and high spatial resolution, thematic application system and, technical reports, etc. Finally, we will provide data and service for the knowledge discovery in the field of global resource and environment, and We will also support the services in the global resource and environment monitoring and evaluation of global resource and environment, major disasters monitoring and early warning of major disasters, and responses to national security and global changes in our country.

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