首页 >  2016, Vol. 20, Issue (6) : 1335-1341

摘要

全文摘要次数: 2329 全文下载次数: 57
引用本文:

DOI:

10.11834/jrs.20165277

收稿日期:

2015-12-08

修改日期:

2016-02-18

PDF Free   HTML   EndNote   BibTeX
天绘一号03星三线阵/多光谱载荷影像质量评价
1.中国科学院电子学研究所 空间信息处理与应用系统技术重点实验室, 北京 100190;2.中国天绘卫星中心, 北京 102102;3.中国科学院遥感与数字地球研究所, 北京 100101
摘要:

2015年10月26号发射的天绘一号03星是中国传输型立体测绘卫星天绘一号系列的第3颗卫星。三线阵和多光谱影像数据是天绘一号卫星的重要数据,用于立体测绘、彩色融合、遥感观测等多种用途。因此,为了推动天绘一号03卫星影像数据早日为相关领域提供服务,本文采用客观评价的方法,对天绘一号03星的三线阵和多光谱影像质量进行了全面的评价分析。评价结果显示(天绘一号)03星的清晰度、对比度、细节能量、边缘能量、功率谱、信息容量指标值远高于天绘一号01、02星。说明天绘一号03星三线阵/多光谱影像在地物细节和边缘纹理特征的描述上优于天绘一号01、02星,同时载荷接收的信息量远高于天绘一号01、02星。天绘一号03星较高的信噪比指标说明其载荷抑制噪声的能力优于天绘一号01、02星。边缘辐射畸变和增益调整畸变表明在辐射均匀程度上,天绘一号03星三线阵/多光谱影像介于天绘一号01和02星之间。因此,与同类天绘一号01,02星的三线阵与多光谱影像相比,天绘一号03星影像质量有着显著的提高。

Image quality assessment of the three-linear-array/multispectral sensors of Mapping Satellite-1 03
Abstract:

A new satellite (code:03) was launched on October 26, 2015. It belongs to Mapping Satellite-1 (TH-1), which is a group of High-Resolution (HR) optical stereo mapping satellites in China. Three-linear-array/multispectral (TLA/MUX) images are the important data products of TH-1.They are used for stereo mapping, fusion and classification, and remote sensing. Image quality assessment is a critical issue particularly in the regular operation of the HR satellite ground application system, with the assessment results having great significance in the application prospects of the current satellite and subsequent satellite development.
In this study, a multi-objective index method is employed to evaluate comprehensive the image quality of the TH-1 03 TLA/MUX sensors. It adopts 10 objective indices, including clarity (CLA), contrast(CON), detail energy(DET), and edge energy (EDG).Given that the three in-orbit MS-1 satellites have the same sensor and orbit parameters, the images from TH-1 01 and TH-1 02 are used as comparison assessment data. A group of images with the same screening season, terrain type, and natural environment are separately selected from the three in-orbit MS-1 satellites to avoid assessment errors induced by differences in seasons, terrain types, and natural environments.
Assessment results show that the objective indices of the TH-1 03 TLA/MUX images, including CLA, CON, DET, EDG, power spectral density, and information content are significantly higher than those of the images of TH-1 01 and TH-1 02. The higher values of these indices demonstrate that the TLA/MUX images of TH-1 03 are better than TH-1 01 and TH-1 02 satellites in terms of describing the detail texture and edge texture features of ground objects. The TLA/MUX images of TH-1 03 have higher information content as well. The signal-to-noise ratio reveals that the capability of the TLA/MUX sensors of MS-1-03 to suppress noise is superior to those of the sensors of TH-1 01 and TH-1 02. Furthermore, RadEdge and GainAdj indicate that the radiometric uniform level of TH-1 03 is in between those of the TH-1 01 and TH-1 02 satellites.
The results of the image quality assessment for TH-1 03 TLA/MUX sensors are analyzed and reported for the first time, and the preliminary conclusion is discussed in this paper. According to the assessment results, the image quality of TLA/MUX sensors of TH-1 03 is improved compared with those of the TLA/MUX sensors of the TH-1 01 and TH-1 02 satellites. Owing to the development in the image quality, the use of TLA/MUX data of the TH-1 03 satellite can enhance target recognition, classification, and stereo mapping accuracy. In summary, this paper has presented the first study on the analysis of the image quality for TH-1 03 TLA/MUX sensors and has made an exemplary contribution.

本文暂时没有被引用!

欢迎关注学报微信

遥感学报交流群 分享按钮