首页 >  2016, Vol. 20, Issue (6) : 1413-1423

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全文摘要次数: 2943 全文下载次数: 105
引用本文:

DOI:

10.11834/jrs.20164264

收稿日期:

2016-03-05

修改日期:

2016-05-11

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珠三角地区长时间序列气溶胶时空变化特征分析
1.中国科学院遥感与数字地球研究所 遥感科学国家重点实验室, 北京 100101;2.开封大学 信息工程学院, 河南 开封 475002;3.江苏省环境监测中心, 江苏 南京 210036;4.河南大学 计算机与信息工程学院, 河南 开封 475004
摘要:

本文通过对2000年-2013年长时间序列的MODIS气溶胶产品进行统计,分析了珠三角地区气溶胶光学厚度(AOD)和细粒子光学厚度(FAOD)的空间分布特征以及年度和季节变化特点,有助于深入研究珠三角地区颗粒物污染水平变化及颗粒物的排放与输送等。研究结果显示珠三角地区中部为AOD高值区,东西两翼地区为AOD低值区。AOD和FAOD的最高值通常分别出现在春季和秋季,最低值则通常都出现在冬季。2006年之后,珠三角地区大气气溶胶总消光虽在部分年份仍有反弹上升的现象出现,但已有明显降低。然而,该地区细粒子消光在2000年-2012年期间则呈逐年增加的趋势,且其空间差异性也越加显著,细颗粒物污染仍需进一步控制。

关键词:

AOD  FAOD  MODIS  珠三角地区
Analysis of long-term (2000-2013) spatio-temporal aerosol distribution over Pearl River Delta region in China by using MODIS data
Abstract:

Characterizing spatial and temporal variations in an aerosol is critical for a thorough understanding of its formation, transport, and accumulation in the atmosphere. The Pearl River Delta (PRD) region is one of the most densely urbanized regions in the world and one of the main hubs of China's economic growth. In this study, long-term (2000-2013) Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) level 2 aerosol products were used to study the spatial and temporal distributions of both aerosol optical depth (AOD) and fine aerosol optical depth (FAOD) over the PRD region.
To investigate the variation characteristics of particulate pollution in the PRD region for a long time, we used long-term (2000-2013) MODIS AOD and FAOD data with 10 km resolution to calculate the monthly, seasonal, annual, and 14-year means. In this process, we screened the cloud pixels.
Results indicate that the spatial distribution of AOD of higher values are located in the central region of the PRD region (e.g., Foshan, north of Zhongshan, and southwest of Dongguan), whereas that of lower values are located in the western and eastern parts (e.g., Guangzhou, Huizhou, Zhaoqing, and Jiangmen). The spatial variability of FAOD is less significant than that of AOD, and the highest value of FAOD is located in Zhaoqing. Both annual mean AOD and number of areas with high AOD increase from 2000 to 2006. Between 2006 and 2013, although the annual AOD level over the PRD region fluctuated, the condition of particulate matter pollution has generally improved since 2006 because of the strict air pollution control implemented in the PRD region. The FAOD data set shows an increasing trend from 2000 to 2012, and the spatial variation in FAOD over the PRD region becomes increasingly significant. Therefore, a further improvement in the air quality in the PRD region requires a stricter regulation of fine particulate matter concentrations. A comparison of the annual MODIS FAOD values and the annual AERONET FAOD values at the PolyU site (114.18°E, 22.30°N) shows that, from 2006 to 2013 both variables have a good agreement and the absolute differences between them are all lower than 0.08. The lowest AOD (0.39±0.10) and FAOD (0.25±0.05)occur in winter. The maximum AOD (0.72±0.13) in the PRD region occurs in spring, whereas the FAOD (0.45±0.10) reaches the maximum in autumn. From 2000 to 2013, the maximum fluctuation in AOD appears in summer, with the AOD standard deviation (std) reaching 0.28 in July. The season with the minimum fluctuation in AOD occurs is winter, with the AOD std being only 0.086 in January. Similar to AOD, the maximum (std=0.21) and minimum (std=0.038) fluctuations in FAOD occur in June and January, respectively.
A long-term MODIS AOD and FAOD series can reflect the spatio-temporal variation trend of particulate matter pollution over the PRD region. Although aerosol extinction has decreased significantly since 2006, the fine aerosol extinction has still increased to a certain extent, indicating that further control on fine particulate matter pollution is necessary in the PRD region.

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