激光雷达(Lidar)与光学遥感的有效结合对中国南方区域森林冠顶高度反演意义重大,而国产卫星将为中国森林生态研究提供新的数据源。本文联合利用大脚印激光雷达GLA和国产MERSI数据,在实现GLAS波形数据处理和不同地形条件下森林冠顶高度反演算法基础上,建立了区域尺度不同森林类型林分冠顶高度GLAS+MERSI联合反演关系模型,进行了江西地区森林冠顶高度反演。总体上,GLAS激光雷达森林冠顶高度估算精度较高;且在与MERSI 250 m数据的联合反演模型中,针叶林模型精度较好(R2=0.7325);阔叶林次之(R2=0.6095);混交林较差(R2=0.4068)。分析发现,考虑了光学遥感生物物理参数的GLAS+MERSI联合关系模型在区域森林冠顶高度估算中有较高精度,且在空间分布上与土地覆盖数据分布特征非常一致。
For inversion of forest canopy height in large scale, it is of great signifi cance to integrate space-borne Lidar and optical remote sensing data effectively. The homemade satellite will provide a plentiful datum for forest ecological researches. In this paper, the processing of GLAS waveform data and the algorithm of forest canopy height in different terrain were implemented. The GLAS + MERSI joint inversion model of canopy height of different forest types in regional scale was established and used to map the forest canopy height of Jiangxi province. Overall, high accuracy was observed for the canopy height estimated by GLAS + MERSI joint inversion model with R2=0.733 for the needle-leaf forest, following by the broadleaf forest (R2=0.610). The results showed that the established model was workable. It was found that the GLAS + MERSI joint inversion model which considers the optical remote sensing of biophysical parameters can provide good estimates of forest canopy height at regional scale. The space distribution characteristic was found consistent with the data of land cover.