As the next generation earth observing satellite launched by America, National Polar-orbiting Partnership(NPP) satellite is going to take over the Terra and Aqua satellite which is in extended service. Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer containing Suite(VIIRS) is one of the five earth observation instrument which are taken in this satellite. The VIIRS channel for aerosol is inherited from MODIS on board the Terra and Aqua satellite. The application with the VIIRS data for the atmospheric pollution monitoring in China needs to be carried out urgently. In this paper, the terrestrial Aerosol Optical Depth(AOD) with 750 m resolution retrieved from the VIIRS data is studied.The Dark Dense Vegetation(DDV) method is used to retrieve the AOD in this research. First of all, the cloud pixels are checked and removed through the VIIRS cloud product. According to Normalized Difference Vegetation Index(NDVI) of the infrared wavelength the dark pixels are identified. The Look Up Table(LUT) is built by the 6S radiative transfer model, ant then, the AOD is interpolated from the LUT. Finally, the AOD at different altitudes are obtained after the altitude correction.The North Plain of China, which includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei region, Shandong, Henan and Shanxi province, is selected as the area of the experiment. The result of September 1, 2013 is presented. The result shows that the VIIRS data can monitor the distribution of aerosol very well. The result is validated by ground-based sun photometer measurements in the Beijing site of AERONET. The VIIRS AOD inversed in this study and the ground-based measurements agrees well, and the correlation coefficient is 0.7920. Also, the retrieved VIIRS AOD, which is resampling to 10 km resolution through the three convolution interpolation, is compared with the MODIS AOD product. The comparing result shows that their distribution trend is consistent, and the correlation coefficient is 0.7059. In this study, AOD with 750 m resolution is obtained from the NPP-VIIRS data based on the DDV method. The retrieved AOD has high correlation coefficient with the ground-based measurements and the MODIS aerosol product. The result shows that the VIIRS data can monitor the terrestrial aerosol well. It will provide fine data source for the atmospheric aerosol particulates monitoring.