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引用本文:

DOI:

10.11834/jrs.20155016

收稿日期:

2015-01-13

修改日期:

2015-03-02

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近80年来中国大陆地区人口密度分界线变化
1.中国科学院遥感与数字地球研究所空间信息综合集成技术研究室, 北京 100101;2.中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
摘要:

1935年胡焕庸先生通过对中国人口分布特征的研究,提出了被后人称之为"爱辉-腾冲"线的人口密度分界线。为了研究中国大陆地区近80年来人口分布格局的演变特征,本文基于胡焕庸先生给定的人口比例阈值,以县域边界为基础,依据洛伦兹(Lorenz)曲线原理,精确厘定了1935年-2010年间的7期人口密度分界线,并进一步分析该线的变动过程及其两侧人口比例变化特征。结果显示1935年以后至2010年,人口密度分界线的西北部人口增长速率明显高于东南部,中国人口分布极端不均衡的情况有所缓解。

Spatial change of population density boundary in mainland China in recent 80 years
Abstract:

Population problem is an important part of human-land relationship, which is crucial in geography. As the world's largest nation with 1.3 billion people, China accumulated many historical statistical data about population distribution throughout history. Hu Huanyong designated the line from Heilongjiang Province to Yunnan Province as the population density boundary(Hu Line) of China in 1935. Population density, geographical structure, human lifestyle, and economic development significantly differ among different sides of Hu Line. To promote new-type urbanization, state leaders have considered whether or not the Hu Line can be broken and how to breakit.Basing from the proportion of definition by Hu Huanyong(3.87% and 96.13%) and Lorentz Curve Principle, this study characterized the Chinese population density boundary from 1935 to 2010.Boundary variations in recent 80 years were also analyzed. The first chapter of this thesis introduces the background and theoretical bases of the research. Then, a large number of population data collection and processing work were conducted. In addition, the methods and steps of accurate determination of population density boundary were described on the basis of Hu Line definition and Lorenz curve theory. Finally, changes in the boundary position and population proportion in each partition were studied. Since 1935, the population density boundary of China has migrated toward northwest. The observed migrations in Gansu and Ningxia provinces are the most dramatic, followed by those in Jilin, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Yunnan, and Southeast Sichuan. However, the boundary basically remains unchanged in the northeast Sichuan Province. In general, the population growth rate from 1935 to 2010 is higher on the northwest side of the population density boundary than on the southeast side. Hence, the population distribution in mainland China is unequal. The temporal and spatial distribution patterns of population in mainland China are revealed. Thus, this paper not only provides a scientific basis for the implementation of the urbanization strategy but also has practical significance to the implementation of national macro strategies.

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