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引用本文:

DOI:

10.11834/jrs.20232652

收稿日期:

2022-11-30

修改日期:

2023-03-14

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数字孪生人文地理环境
林珲1, 徐丙立2, 肖昕3, 陈宇婷4
1.江西师范大学 地理与环境学院;2.陆军装甲兵学院 信息通信系;3.江西师范大学地理与环境学院;4.北京大学深圳研究生院 城市规划与设计学院
摘要:

人文地理环境是人类活动与地理环境交互作用形成的综合环境,环境复杂且脆弱性高。引入数字孪生方法,构建依实驱虚、依虚控实、虚实协同演进的人文地理学问题研究新模式,对避免扰乱现实环境、深度探索复杂问题、优化现实地理问题调控方案等,具有重大的学科意义和应用价值。在综述国内外研究现状的基础上,提出数字孪生人文地理环境基本概念,详细阐述概念内涵,同时构建了数字孪生人文地理环境系统技术框架。指出数字孪生人文地理环境是由现实人文地理环境、虚拟人文地理环境以及二者之间的交互作用组成,通过对地理环境、人类活动、人地交互作用等的孪生构建与虚实交互,实现现实环境与虚拟环境之间的虚实协同、优势互补、共同演进。以数字孪生白鹿洞书院为典型案例,示范数字孪生人文地理环境构建方法、主要功能和结果形式。本文旨在抛砖引玉,借此引起对数字孪生与人文地理环境耦合研究的思考,共同推动人文地理学发展。

Digital Twin Human Geographic Environment
Abstract:

The human geographic environment is a comprehensive environment formed by the interaction of human activities and the geographic environment, which is complex and highly vulnerable. It is of great disciplinary significance and application value to introduce the digital twin method to build a new framework of research on human geography issues, as this framework has the characteristics of driving the virtual according to the real, controlling the real according to the virtual, and the coordinated evolution of both the virtual and the real. It is also beneficial to avoid disturbing the real environment, explore complex problems in depth, optimize the control scheme of real geographical problems, etc. Based on the review of relative research in China and abroad, we proposed the basic concept of the digital twin human geographic environment and elaborated its connotation. Then, a technical framework of the digital twin human geographic environment system is constructed. The major components of this system include the real human geographic environment, the virtual human geographic environment, and the interaction between them. Through the twin construction and virtual-real interaction of the geographic environment, human activities, human-nature interaction, etc., the virtual and real synergy, complementary advantages, and co-evolution between the virtual and the real environment can be realized. We took the digital twin historical geographic environment of Lushan Mountain as a typical case to demonstrate the construction method, main functions, and result forms of the digital twin human geographic environment. The purpose of this article is to throw bricks and spark jade, so as to arouse scholars’ thinking on the research of coupling digital twins and human geographic environment, and to jointly promote the development of human geography

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