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Objective: During the operation of the satellite in orbit, the radiation detection performance and stability of the sensor will change, and the accuracy of the acquired radiation observation signal will decrease. Accurate on-orbit calibration of sensors is crucial to ensure the validity of their data products. The stable target site based cross calibration method is limited by the pseudo-invariant target which is manually selected by the satellite synchronous transit and has simple spectral characteristics. So it’s difficult to carry out multi-frequency and high-precision cross calibration. Method: This paper proposes a cross calibration method based on iterative reweighted multivariate alteration detection (IR-MAD). Taking the Fengyun-3B (FY-3B) Medium Resolution Spectral Imager (MERSI) as the reference, the cross-calibration of Visible and Infra-Red Radiometer (VIRR) on the same platform is studied. Firstly, the IR-MAD algorithm linearly combines the simultaneous multi-channel images of the two sensors to construct canonical correlation variables, and performs canonical correlation analysis to eliminate the correlation between different channels of a single sensor and unmatched channels of different sensors. Then, through multiple probability reweighting iterations, the IR-MAD algorithm can automatically identify the no-change pixels(NCPs) in the same phase scene of the two sensors. The radiance of the NCPs have the largest linear correlation between VIRR and MERSI matching channels. By correcting the spectral differences between matched channels of two sensors, the cross calibration coefficients can be obtained by a linear regression model based on the apparent reflectance information of the NCPs. This paper implements this procedure with data from Northwest China region and North Africa region, and compares it with the calibration results obtained from other related studies. Result: Experimental results show that the proposed method is well consistent with the operational calibration and the Dunhuang desert site calibration. The relative deviation of the radiometric information between VIRR and MERSI after calibration exceeds 2%. The cross calibration results of IR-MAD obtained in northwest China and north Africa are consistent (most channels are better than 2%)，which verifies the generalization and stability of this method. The long-time sequence results show that there is a correlation between the channel response decay trend and wavelength. On the whole, the shorter the wavelength, the more serious the decay. In addition, there are some seasonal fluctuations in the relative calibration slope time series of near-infrared and shortwave infrared channels. Conclusion: This method can automatically and efficiently select pseudo-invariant targets in satellite observation scenes, and realize high precision cross calibration based on the selected pseudo-invariant targets. It is applicable to the re-calibration of historical satellite data and the relative response monitoring of sensors on the same platform. The application of algorithms in different platforms and nonlinear problems are the direction of our future work.