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Abstract: Objective Cloud is an important indicator of weather and climate change. It is of great significance to both atmospheric energy distribution and radiative transfer. Satellite remote sensing has become an indispensable technology for cloud research due to its global coverage, multiple types of information, and high repetitive frequency. This work summarizes the development of cloud measurement technology and data application research of current spaceborne millimeter wave radar and lidar. The future development requirements and trend are then proposed according to the progress of current cloud measurement technology and applications. Method Firstly, the technology research and data typical application status of spaceborne millimeter wave radar and lidar are introduced and summarized, in which the key technologies and important application of the cloud profile radar (CPR) on CloudSat and the cloud aerosol lidar (CALIOP) on CALIPSO are highlighted. The achievements of collaborative observation by both the CPR and CALIOP are then summarized emphatically as well as the aspects to be improved. Based on the requirement analysis of obtaining three-dimensional fine structure of global cloud, the development and application potential of novel measurement technologies such as terahertz radar, high spectral resolution lidar and multi-sensor data fusion are provided. Furthermore, we discuss the key technologies of the new cooperative observation modes, such as multi-satellite system and multi-payload on single satellite platform. The influence of orbit altitude on the detection performance is discussed based on the analysis on the relationship between the received intensity of echo signal and the orbit altitude. Result It is pointed out that the cloud load performance of active remote sensing, cooperative observation mode, cooperation with passive remote sensing instruments and multi-source data retrieval and fusion for spaceborne cloud measurement still need to be improved, according to the research status of spaceborne cloud radar and lidar. The latest advanced technology of spaceborne active remote sensing can be fully utilized for observing more accurate cloud parameters and more microphysical information, such as multi-wavelength, multi-polarization, Doppler technology, terahertz radar, hyperspectral lidar and multi-sensor data fusion method. The collaborative observation of microwave radar, lidar and other sensors on the same platform is necessary for better understanding the formation and evolution of cloud, so as to further improve the ability of weather forecasting and climate monitoring. Conclusion Satellite active remote sensing for cloud measurement is employed to observe accurately the macroscopic and microphysical characteristics of cloud. Its high-quality data has been widely applied to cloud physics, weather forecasting, environment monitoring and climate change. Also, it plays an important role on improving the accuracy of numerical weather forecasting and climate research. With the continuous progress of active remote sensing technology, more cloud parameters and higher performance can be realized for spaceborne cloud measurement. Besides the applications of high-tech in the spaceborne cloud remote sensing, collaborative observation is an important development trend. A future perspective is then projected on the cooperative observation mode of multi sensors with common platform and new data fusion methods.