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(Objective) Unreasonable development and utilization of mineral resources in recent years has always been a global concern, and research on the temporal and spatial characteristics of illegal mining of mineral resources is particularly important. In order to solve the problem of illegal acquisition of mining resources, low precision, scattered data and lack of long time series, it also proposes to interpolate based on Kriging space in order to overcome the structural characteristics of spatial mining information and the inadequacy of spatial relationship. Combined with remote sensing data, the method for analyzing the spatio-temporal characteristics of mine illegal mining. (Method) Taking Hunan Province as the research area, using multi-platform, multi-temporal and multi-spectral satellite remote sensing images as data sources in 2010-2017, combined with mining rights data, through the spatial analysis method, extracting mine illegal mining information in the study area; The Kriging matrix interpolation method establishes the spatial distribution relationship model of mine illegal mining, constructs its spatial distribution relationship, and further studies the temporal and spatial characteristics of mine illegal mining. (Results) Compared with the traditional method, the proposed research method can objectively and accurately extract the illegal mine data in the whole area of ??Hunan Province from 2010 to 2017. In 8 years, there are 2,815 illegal mining mines, mainly distributed in southern Hunan and southwest Hunan. The number is increasing year by year, with an average annual growth rate of 23.77 per year. A more accurate model of mine illegal mining spatial relationship is established, and the spatial and temporal characteristics of mine illegal mining are analyzed. (Conclusion) The organic combination of Kriging"s spatial interpolation method and remote sensing data can extract mine illegal mining information objectively, truthfully, accurately and with long time series. It can also fully exploit the structural characteristics between mine illegal mining information and establish mine illegal mining. The spatial relationship between information provides a scientific basis and theoretical basis for in-depth study of the temporal and spatial characteristics of mine illegal mining behavior.