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摘要

引用本文:

DOI:

10.11834/jrs.20209118

收稿日期:

2019-04-19

修改日期:

2019-07-25

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卫星遥感火点监测研究进展和应用分析
陈兴峰1, 刘李2, 李家国3, 欧文浩4,4, 邢进5, 张玉环6
1.中国科学院遥感与数字地球研究所 国家环境保护卫星遥感重点实验室;2.中国资源卫星应用中心;3.中国科学院遥感与数字地球研究所;4.中国电力科学研究院;5.国家国防科技工业局 重大专项工程中心;6.生态环境部 卫星环境应用中心
摘要:

卫星遥感在自然灾害管理和应对中发挥了越来越多的作用。火点遥感在火灾频发的时候也被寄予厚望。梳理了火山、环境、气候、火灾等方面对火点遥感的需求,我国火灾监测的行业用户对时空分辨率需求迫切程度不同;概述了用于火点遥感监测的卫星数据源特点,光谱维度上以热红外敏感波段最重要,卫星轨道特点也是影响火点遥感监测能力重要因素;在分析火点遥感物理原理和方法的基础上,综述了当前火点遥感方法的研究进展及优缺点。按照火灾发生的灾前、灾中、灾后三个阶段,分别讨论了当前火点遥感提供信息支撑的能力。火点遥感用于发现火灾仍需要与地面监测等手段联合使用。

Research progress and application analysis of fire monitoring using satellite remote sensing
Abstract:

Satellite remote sensing is playing more important role in natural disaster management and response. Fire remote sensing is also highly expected when fires occur frequently. The demands for fire monitoring from volcanoes, environment, climate and fire disasters were analyzed, and the needs of industrial users of fire monitoring in China were analyzed. The satellite data sources used for fire remote sensing monitoring were summarized and their characteristics were analyzed. Based on the analysis of the physical principles and methods of fire remote sensing, the research progress, advantages and disadvantages of current fire remote sensing methods were reviewed. According to the three stages before, during and after the fire disaster, the current research status and ability of fire remote sensing monitoring were discussed separately.

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