首页 >  , Vol. , Issue () : 1993-2002

摘要

引用本文:

DOI:

收稿日期:

2019-03-01

修改日期:

2019-05-01

PDF Free   EndNote   BibTeX
雄安新区(马蹄湾村)航空高光谱遥感影像分类数据集
岑奕1, 张立福1, 张霞1, 王跃明2, 戚文超1, 汤森林1, 张鹏1
1.中国科学院遥感与数字地球研究所 遥感科学国家重点实验室;2.中国科学院上海技术物理研究所 中国科学院空间主动光电技术重点实验室
摘要:

高光谱遥感影像分类数据集主要用于辅助高光谱遥感分类算法的精度验证、效率评价及性能评估,一般包括高光谱遥感影像、影像对应地物类别标注以及相关信息文档等内容。常用的高光谱遥感影像分类数据集以欧美为主,如India Pines、Salinas、KSC等。随着我国高光谱遥感传感器技术发展和学术交流机制的日臻完善,国内也发布了高光谱遥感分类数据集,如江苏省常州的茶树数据集。较于欧美高光谱遥感分类数据集的广泛应用,我国高光谱遥感分类数据集的发布与应用仍偏少。近年来,我国高质量高光谱遥感数据获取能力大幅增强,提升了我国高光谱遥感共享数据源的数量及质量,为促进我国高光谱遥感应用研究及业务化能力提供了支撑。本分类数据集包括雄安新区马蹄湾村高光谱影像数据,由上海技术物理研究所研制高分专项航空系统全谱段多模态成像光谱仪采集,光谱范围为400-1000nm,波段250个,影像大小为3750×1580像元,空间分辨率0.5m;同步实地调研地类分布19种,包括水稻茬、草地、榆树、白蜡、国槐、菜地、杨树、大豆、刺槐、水稻、水体、柳树、复叶槭、栾树、桃树、玉米、梨树、荷叶、建筑。利用随机森林分类方法对该数据进行了分类验证,分类精度可达97%。该数据集可为我国经济作物高光谱精细分类研究提供良好的数据支持,更可为我国高光谱遥感载荷业务化应用发展提供有力促进。

Aerial Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Classification Dataset of Xiongan New Area (Matiwan Village)
Abstract:

Aerial hyperspectral remote sensing dataset play an important role on the research of hyperspectral image, such as classification. However, few works has been done on the establishment of standard hyperspectral dataset. This paper introduced a standard hyperspectral dataset, which including hyperspectral remote sensing image, land cover map, and sensor parameters, the dataset was acquired by a newly designed airborne hyperspectral sensor, accompanied with the synchronous ground survey experiments. (1)Data acquisition:Aerial hyperspectral remote sensing image of Xiongan New Area was acquired using the visible and near infrared imaging spectrometer designed by Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, CAS in October 2017. The total field of view angle of the spectrometer is 40.6 degree, the instantaneous field of view is 0.25 mrad, effective push-scan pixel is 2834, and the maximum speed-to-height ratio is 0.04. The flight height is 2000 m, and the flight areas cover the Xiong County, An County, Rong County and Baiyangdian Lake, of which the East-West length is 48 km, the North-South width is 27.5 km, and the total area is 1320 km2. There are 21 flight lines with east-west direction, while the Matiwan Village is located in the 10th and 11th flight line. The flying weather is clear and cloudless, and the visibility condition is good. And radiation correction, geometric correction, image mosaic and clipping were done before data classification. (2)Dataset:The spectral range of the aerial hyperspectral remote sensing image of Xiongan New Area (Matiwan Village) is 400-1000 nm, with 250 bands and a spatial resolution of 0.5m. The image size is 3750 x 1580 pixels. And the land cover types labeled here are 19 types, mainly cash crops. (3)Classification result:With the first three principal components of the spectrum and its corresponding eight spatial texture features and the vegetation index, such as NDWI and NDVI, the aerial hyperspectral remote sensing image of Matiwan Village in Xiongan New Area were classified using random forest classification algorithm. The total classification accuracy is 97%, and the kappa coefficient is 0.98. According to the confusion matrix, the confusion of Robinia pseudoacacia, Pear tree and Acer complex is serious. that cause the classification accuracy of Robinia pseudoacacia is low. (4)Conclusion:An aerial hyperspectral remote sensing dataset of Xiongan New Area (Matiwan Village) with high spatial resolution and spectral resolution was shared in this study. The dataset was classified using random forest classification algorithm, and the total classification accuracy is 97%. It shows that the dataset can provide good data support for hyperspectral classification research, and also can serve for the design and demonstration of hyperspectral imaging spectrometer.

本文暂时没有被引用!

欢迎关注学报微信

遥感学报交流群 分享按钮