首页 >  2009, Vol. 13, Issue (1) : -

摘要

全文摘要次数: 4216 全文下载次数: 4297
引用本文:

DOI:

10.11834/jrs.20090112

收稿日期:

修改日期:

PDF Free   HTML   EndNote   BibTeX
基于等高线的表面估计滤波方法
西南交通大学土木工程学院,四川成都,610031
摘要:

提出一种基于等高线的滤波方法,它先由LIDAR数据生成数字表面模型,并内插出等高线,再根据DSM等高线的特征,如闭合性、首尾点距离、等高线的长度及等高线间距离等,通过设定阈值自动提取出属于自然地面的等高线线段,以获得初始的自然地面点,然后内插生成初始数字地面模型,最后使用迭代逼近法生成最终的(精确的)数字地面模型,即比较初始DTM与DSM,差值小于预设阈值的点视为DTM点,而差值大于预设阈值的点则标记为无数据点,最后,这些无数据点由选择的DTM点内插出.通过与现有表面估计的滤波方法的对比实验以及所提取地物轮廓线与航片的叠加对比试验,证明新方法可适用于地表起伏较大的地形,地物提取精度高、计算量小、效率高.

Filtering method of LIDAR data based on contours
Abstract:

Filtering is an importantmethod to extractdigital terrainmodel(DTM) form LightDetection and Ranging(LIDAR) data and hasmade some good effects in application, but existing filtering methods are deficiency in certain applications, especially unsuitable forundulated terrain. In this paper, a new filteringmethodwhich is based on contours is developed. Themethodmainly consists of three steps: Firstly, digital surfacemodel (DSM) is generated from raw LIDAR data by surface interpolationmethods, such as the nearest neighbor interpolation method, and then contours ofDSM are generated. Secondly, these DSM contours are separated into three groups: ground contour, which only consists ofpoints on ground; objectcontour, which only consists ofpoints off-ground, such as on trees or roofs; andmixing contour, which consists of points on ground or off-ground. According to some properties of contours, including closeness, start-to-end distance, length of curve, denseness, ground contours and ground contour section ofmixing contours are extracted and then some ground points are obtained, finally an initial approximation of theDTM is\ndetermined by interpolating those ground points. Then a refinedDTM is obtained by an iterativemethod: comparing the approximate DTM with the originalDSM and if the difference is below a predefined threshold the originalDSM points are selected andmade into DTM data points. Otherwise, the location ismarked as no data; and then the no data points are interpolated using the selectedDSM data. Comparisons between initial and refined DTM obtained by methods proposed previously is done. To calculate the accurate probability, the objects obtained by new filter is compared with standard objects obtained from aerial images manually. All the experimental results show that the proposed method is a simple and practical one needing little calculation, and can be used in\nundulating terrain area.

Key Words:

LIDAR  filtering  contours  DSM  DTM
本文暂时没有被引用!

欢迎关注学报微信

遥感学报交流群