首页 >  2009, Vol. 13, Issue (1) : -

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10.11834/jrs.20090102

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UHV/VHF波段SAR对次地表层土壤湿度探测与反演
复旦大学波散射与遥感信息教育部重点实验室,上海,200433
摘要:

首先采用一层非球形粒子植被模型,计算各波段矢量辐射传输方程Mueller矩阵一阶散射解,对比微扰法所得各波段地表粗糙面直接后向散射解,结果证明L波段植被层的散射对观测结果仍有影响,与下垫土壤粗糙表面的散射不易分离.因此,宜采用更低频率的UHF和VHF波段,对地表和次地表层能有较大的渗透深度,并可忽略植被层影响.接着,运用矢量辐射传输的3层土壤全极化Mueller矩阵解,计算UHF/VHF波段分层土壤的散射与传输,分析该两波段探测深度的差异,证实UHF波段可探测大致10-60cm深处的土壤湿度,而VHF波段探测深度能更大一些.根据第3层中土壤体湿度变化0.1时能否引起土壤表面观测的后向散射系数变化0.1dB这一判据,分析VHF波段反演第3层土壤体湿度的必要条件,证实当第2层的体湿度较小时(<0.25)才能反演层3的体温度.基于UHF/VHF两波段探测深度的差异,耗散土壤层的贡献有不同的权重,先后采用UHF和VHF,迭代法实现3层土壤湿度廓线反演.误差分析表明,该方法是有意义的.

Retrieval of subsurface soil moisture using SAR observation at UHF/VHF bands
Abstract:

A three-layer scattermodel is developed for the retrievalofmoisture profile of the terrain subsurface under SAR observation atUHF/VHF bands. Based on different penetration depths atUHF and VHF channels, scattering observations at these two bands are alternatively used to iterate the retrievedmoisture of the layeredmedia, and finally reach the convergence of themoisture profile of the layered subsurfacemedia.

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