首页 >  2008, Vol. 12, Issue (6) : 1993-2002

摘要

全文摘要次数: 3534 全文下载次数: 3455
引用本文:

DOI:

10.11834/jrs.200806128

收稿日期:

修改日期:

PDF Free   HTML   EndNote   BibTeX
汶川地震山地灾害遥感快速提取及其分布特点分析
1.中国科学院山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室,四川 成都 610041;2.中国科学院成都山地灾害与环境环境研究所,四川 成都 610041;3.云南财经大学遥感与GIS中心,云南 昆明 650221
摘要:

针对泥石流滑坡灾害体特有的物质组成与活动特点,通过比较分析其在不同遥感影像的光谱特征差异,选择ETM+影像作为主要数据源,提取湿度指数与绿度指数,利用ETM+的穗帽变换、影像差值增强、密度分割和掩膜技术建立了泥石流滑坡山地灾害快速提取模型,并用于汶川地震.通过灾害体的提取,分析了本次地震山地次生灾害的分布规律,利用空间叠加进行了成因的分析.本次地震山地灾害具有如下特点:(1)沿主要地表破裂带分布;(2)山地灾害主要出现在8度-9度地震烈度区,随着烈度的降低,山地灾害的总面积也相应的减少;(3)山地灾害主要发生在海拔高度1000-2500m的地带;(4)主要发生在坡度20°-50°之间的边坡上;(5)地震及余震期间以崩塌滑坡滚石为主,后期以泥石流滑坡为主;(6)具有河流左右两岸呈不对称分布等特点.结果表明,利用ETM+影像建立基于湿度指数与绿度指数的快速提取模型,对于大规模泥石流滑坡提取效果较好,进行大区域山地灾害的遥感快速提取是可行的.

The Extraction of Mountain Hazard Induced by Wenchuan Earthquake and Analysis of Its Distributing Characteristic
Abstract:

The deadly Wenchuan Earthquake hit Wengchuan, a small city southwest of Sichuan Province, China, with a magnitude of 8.0, at 14∶28 local tmie of May 12. It shookmore than halfofChina and broughtdevastation tomore than fifty counties. The earthquake has notonly caused numerous personnel casualties and destroyed kinds of facility directly,but also induced a lotofmountain hazards, and supermi posed the hazardsmore severely. The extraction of earthquake-inducedmoutain hazardsusing remote sensing mi ageshas mi portant significance for earthquake relie,f assessment of bearing capacity of disaster area and reconstruction work after earthquake. The extraction ofdisaster area is realized by amethod combination of information enhancement, information fusion and visual interpretation. According to the active characteristic andmaterial combination ofdebris flows and landslides, we compare and analyze the spectral feature difference of different miages and take ETM+miage asmain data source. Debris flows and landslideshave two distinct properties of higher water contentand lowervegetation cover. The reflective features on remote sensing mi ages are soilmoisture and vegeta-tion coverage, which can be reflected bywetness index and green index. After the extraction ofwetness index and green index, tasseled cap transformation, mi age difference reinforcement, density slide and mask technology are used to build the quick extractionmodel fordebris flows and landslides. Themodel isused to extractmountain hazards induced by Wenchuan earthquake. The distribution rule and feature ofgeo-hazard and genesis are analyzed by spatial overlay. Mountain hazards induced by the earthquake distribute mainly along Longmenshan Mountain earthquake zones and rivers on both hillsides.They have the following characteristics 1.The types ofmountain hazards are diverse, including collapses,landslides, rockfalls, mi prisoned lakes, debris flows and so on.2.The relation is closed between the strong level of the action and the intensity of the earthquake. Themountain hazards aremainly present in the earthquake intensity area from 8 degree to11 degree.With the intensity reduced, the gross area ofgeo-hazard decreased.3.Themountain hazardsmainly occurred in areas 1000m to 2500m altitude.4.The gradient of the slop ofgenerating geo-hazardmainly varied in the range from 20 to50 degree.5.In quantityby collapseds, landslides, rockfallsprmi arily during aftershock and landslides,debris flows prmi arily during anaphase. 6.Pair of ecological environment destruction is enormous.

本文暂时没有被引用!

欢迎关注学报微信

遥感学报交流群 分享按钮