As active remote sensing sensor, spaceborne Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) withmerits ofbroad range miage, all-weatherwork tmi e and strong penetrationwhich iswidely used inmapping, geology, hydrology, agriculture, forestry and so on, is an mi portantpartof the Modern radar technology. The application of SAR needs to know the exact location of the corresponding space informationwhichmustbe carried out on the geometric rectification ofSAR mi age processing geometric correction, elmi ination various geometric deformation exist in the SAR mi ages.RPC model is amathematical sense of the mi aging geometrymode,l which is independentof the sensorand platform.Themodel establish the relationship between the ground coordinates of any miage and the corresponding geology coordi-nates. A lotofwork hasbeen done onRPCmodel foroptical sensorbymany researchers. On the basis of summarizing the research work about the Range Doppler Geolocation Model of SAR, Thispaper focuseson the study of RPC model for SAR mi ages and geometric rectification of SAR mi ages.In this paper, Terra SAR-X, COSMO high-resolution SAR data are used as an example to establishing the Range Doppler Geolocation Model which can calculate the geology coordinates from the mi age coordinates. This can explain the feasibility of the RPC Model on SAR mi ages. And one expermi enthas been done to prove it. The RPC Model hasmore than one percentpixel accuracy.