首页 >  2003, Vol. 7, Issue (1) : 31-36

摘要

全文摘要次数: 3697 全文下载次数: 11
引用本文:

DOI:

10.11834/jrs.20030106

收稿日期:

2001-04-28

修改日期:

2001-07-06

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小旋转椭球粒子群降水区雷达回波衰减订正模拟实验
1.南京气象学院电子工程系,南京210044;2.南京大学大气科学系,南京210000
摘要:

计算了降水区雨滴形状和雨滴群旋轴相对于雷达波偏振方向不同取向情况下的Z-I关系和k-I关系,并用5种衰减订正算法进行雷达回波衰减订正效果研究,结果表明,在已知小旋转椭球粒子群取向的情况下,雨强越大,降水区回波衰减的可订正厚度越小;雨强80mm/h均匀分布时,使用R2或R3订正法,5.6cm雷达回波可订正厚度在120km以上,3.2cm雷达可订正厚度为50km左右;雷达遥感降水时,有必要正确估计小旋转椭球粒子群的取向,以便选用正确的k-Z关系,提高衰减订正效果。

Attenuation Correction to Radar Observations of Reflectivity Factor from Precipitating Area with Poly-disperse Small Spheroid Raindrops
Abstract:

The relationship between attenuation coefficient, k, and radar reflectivity factor, Z, as well as that between k, Zand rainfall rate, I, is influenced by the shape of precipitating raindrops and the orientation of their rotatory axes respect to the polarization direction of the incident radar wave. Provided that the orientation of rotatory axes of poly-disperse small spheroid particles is known, correctable thickness of radar echo for attenuation depends mainly on rainrate. The heavier the rainfall rate, the thinner the correctable thickness. For an 80mm/hour precipitation uniformly distributed along a radial direction, correctable thickness of radar echo is more than 120km for 5.6cm wavelength and about 50km for 3.2cm if correction algorithm R2or R3is used. Orientation information is critically important during attenuation correction. Right k-Zrelationship must be coupled with right orientation status.

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